First-hand account of when eastern Poland became western Belarus. October 1939

On 1 September 1939 Germany invaded the western half of Poland. Just over two weeks later the Soviet Union invaded the eastern half and immediately began incorporating it in to the Soviet Union. Below is an extract of my book ‘Two Years in a Gulag’ describing the event using a Pleszak family first-hand, hand-written account … More First-hand account of when eastern Poland became western Belarus. October 1939

Architectural marvel or hideous eyesore: Sluice Leśniewo Górne?

The Masurian Lakeland (Pojezierze Mazurskie) is Poland’s equivalent to the English Lake District. Situated in the northeast of Poland it has over 200 lakes surrounded by farmland, forest, and meadows. It is spectacularly beautiful and not surprisingly a popular tourist destination. Historically though, it was part of the German Empire as East Prussia when it … More Architectural marvel or hideous eyesore: Sluice Leśniewo Górne?

The changing name of the Russian State Security service: An evolution of terror!

ЧК – ГПУ – ОГПУ – НКВД – МГб – КГБ – ФСБ Cheka – GPU – OGPU – NKVD – MGB – KGB – FSB Russia and the Soviet Union have always employed a State Security Service. We have all heard of and are familiar with at least one of the many acronyms that … More The changing name of the Russian State Security service: An evolution of terror!