On 1 September 1939 Germany invaded the western half of Poland. Just over two weeks later the Soviet Union invaded the eastern half and immediately began incorporating it in to the Soviet Union. Below is an extract of my book ‘Two Years in a Gulag’ describing the event using a Pleszak family first-hand, hand-written account … More First-hand account of when eastern Poland became western Belarus. October 1939
The Masurian Lakeland (Pojezierze Mazurskie) is Poland’s equivalent to the English Lake District. Situated in the northeast of Poland it has over 200 lakes surrounded by farmland, forest, and meadows. It is spectacularly beautiful and not surprisingly a popular tourist destination. Historically though, it was part of the German Empire as East Prussia when it … More Architectural marvel or hideous eyesore: Sluice Leśniewo Górne?
The Great War was fought on a global and industrial scale, quite rightly having the title of the First World War. It was a new type of war, fought on a magnitude and with a military technology never previously seen and is fully deserving of all the research, media attention, and debate that it generates. … More Little known battles on the Eastern Front and the consequences of WW1 for Poland
If you were to draw a line on a globe from Derby to the Taj Mahal in India it would pass through Poland west to east. Interesting, maybe, but not the subject of this blog. There is a very significant link, and the link is George Curzon. I suspect most of us will never have … More The line from Derby to the Taj Mahal that divided Poland
The Siege of Leningrad and the Battles for Moscow and Stalingrad in World War Two (WWII) are well documented, but very little, certainly in the West, has been written about the Eastern Front during World War One (WWI). Apart from the crushing blows to the Tsar’s Imperial Russian Army at Tannenberg, the Masurian Lakes and … More The Battle of Vileyka, 1915
ЧК – ГПУ – ОГПУ – НКВД – МГб – КГБ – ФСБ Cheka – GPU – OGPU – NKVD – MGB – KGB – FSB Russia and the Soviet Union have always employed a State Security Service. We have all heard of and are familiar with at least one of the many acronyms that … More The changing name of the Russian State Security service: An evolution of terror!