Ludworth Moor Colliery

A version of this article appeared in the May 2021 Marple Local History Society December 2021 News letter https://mailchi.mp/2f6f0f7ab6f5/marple-local-history-december-2021?e=8605a2f387.

As a child Rod Thackray from Moor End Mellor was enthralled by stories told by his uncle Ivan Eccles abouts his exploits working at coal mines around Mellor after WW1. By the time Rod was a teenager he was an accomplished artist and had developed a passion for exploring old coalmine workings. He once fell down the shaft at Pickety Wood Pit in Marple only to be saved from serious injury when his fall was broken by a dead cow that had previously fallen down.

Apart from his paintings and sketches (see https://pleszak.blog/2021/11/13/rod-thackray-paintings-n-e-w/),many of which were done using a series of small distinct dots known as the Pointillism technique he recoded interviews with local miners, and also collected mining artefacts and memorabilia in which he was assisted by friends Bill Whalley a tramway expert, and Chris Hesketh. Their extensive collection was shared, much of Rod’s artefacts eventually being donated to various mining museums and the documents and maps to Derbyshire Record Office. Bill Whalley’s part of the collection was acquired by Chris Hesketh and after his death has recently been donated to Marple Local History Society archives.

Marple and the surrounding area had lots of coal mines, some dating back as far as the early 17th century. Many were created during the industrial revolution to supply mills as they converted to steam to power their looms. Most mills and their coal mines had closed by the turn of the 20th century, and few survived past the First World War and the General Strike of 1926.

Documented coal mines within Mellor parish boundary

Rod though had discovered many undocumented mines some of which could be dated back to the early 17th century. Rod’s uncle Ivan had helped miner Billy Figg in the 1920’s and 1930’s and by the late 1970’s Rod was helping the well-known character Alf Gee down the last colliery to the south of Manchester.

Coal miner Billy Figg

Ludworth Moor Colliery was right on the edge of Mellor. It operated continuously for almost 60 years from 1927, when a farmer from Sandhill Lane began to harvest coal from his land, until 1983 when it finally closed. It had existed in 3 counties: Derbyshire, then Cheshire but is now in Greater Manchester. A thin outcrop of what was known as the Big Smut Coal Seam was exploited by several enterprises with drift mines utilising ancient pillar and stall mining techniques. They used simple pickaxes, shovels and acetylene lamps with naked flames for lighting. The tubs (carts) of coal were manually pushed to the surface and graded into large chunks known as cobs, intermediate sizes called nuts or singles, and finer coal known as slack. Locals would wait at the mine entrance to buy their coal which they called ‘holiday coal’ because it was considered to be so efficient, they could light a fire before they went on holiday, and it would be still burning when they got home!

Tramming tubs of coal to the surface (Andersen Shelter tunnel) -1940’s

It wasn’t until 1969 that the first compressor enabled the use of air pics but most of the owners failed to make any money. Alf Gee owned the colliery for almost 30 years 20 of which he worked single handed deep in the narrow and low tunnels.

Alf Gee 1950’s
Alf Gee’s colliery statement letter head
Alf Gee outside ‘Alf’s tunnel’ 1979 (photo by Geoff Cusick)

In the final years from 1978 to 1981 it was operated by Geoffrey du Feu with Rod as a full-time partner. Once all the underground coal was exhausted they used opencast techniques with heavy machinery to move the topsoil to one side and the clay to another side before extracting the remaining coal.

Rod Thackray and Geoffrey du Feu at the coal screen 1981 (photo by Geoff Cusick)

The colliery finally closed in 1983 when the shafts and drifts were covered and the opencast diggings filled in with the topsoil and clay that had been separated and the land returned to upland pasture for cattle and sheep grazing. Today, unless you know the colliery had existed there is hardly any signs of the historic industry that once operated in the area.

Location and dates of the various enterprises that operated Ludworth Moor Colliery 1927-1983

On Wednesday 10th November 2021 I hosted a unique event for those interested or had experience and/or knowledge of the colliery together with Rod at the Oddfellows Pub in Mellor for an evening’s reminiscing. Some of us brought coal collected from Ludworth Moor and others brought various artefacts including an original acetylene lamp that was actually used below ground at Ludworth Moor and Rod brought an example of ‘bobbers’ which are heavy solid limestone concretions that looked like bowling balls which had been formed within the coal seam by a constant stream of water.

At the Oddies 10 November 2021

Among the guests were members of Marple Local History Society committee, David Watson who as a child sat with his feet on bags of gelignite when his father Bob delivered to Alf Gee for blasting his tunnels, Paul Hudson whose grandfather was a local collier and featured in some of Rod’s recorded interviews, Ivor Dawson whose father Glyn from Mill Brow was a mining enthusiast and good friend of Alf Gee, Dave Myers who turned up dressed as a miner and appropriately covered in coal dust, who remembers both Alf Gee and Rod working on Ludworth Moor, and Geoff Cusick, long-time friend of Rod’s who had taken many photos of Rod underground and even a cine film of the very last working day of the colliery, none of which had ever been seen before. Rod also brought along a selection of paintings and sketches of his time working the colliery. It was no ordinary boring presentation: everybody’s excellent contribution, lively debate, interesting questions, anecdotes, and especially the enthusiasm made it a really special evening capturing memories that will now be remembered for a long time.

Geoff Cusick and Rod Thackray above what was the entrance to the Andersen Shelter tunnel

Part of Geoff Cusick’s cine film of the last working day underground 18 July 1981

5 thoughts on “Ludworth Moor Colliery

  1. Very interesting. As a boy, I would play on the spoil heap behind Birch Vale Cricket Club and the one just off Hayfield Road at the bottom of the lane to Wetter’s farm.
    Another playground was down at the Garrison Works. Two Anderson shelters and what I understand is still called ‘ the India Rubber Desert’ between the river Sett and the New Mills to Hayfield branch line. Trespassing on railway land, in season, I would gorge on strawberries growing wild on the embankment.

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  2. I worked in that mine in 1981 to around 1983 . I joined just as the underground phase was ending and the opencast phase was starting . I worked with Geoff and Rod and a guy called mike lally . During the opencast phase i drove the dumper truck taking the coal up to the hopper . Once the opencast mine closed we moved to a yard in new mills where we bought in and delivered coal . Geoff went onto own a Anthracite mine in Wales that still operates today producing medium for Carbon filters . Happy memories working with Geoff , he was a wonderful boss .

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    1. Thanks Neill, I’ll mention you to Rod Thackray. There are some pictures with Mike Lally on and on the full version of the cine film there is a big bue tractor pulling a huge trailer of coal up to the hopper – maybe it’s you?

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